Digital resources in Ho language

English | Ho*
*The Ho version in Warang Citi alphabet. If you don’t have the font, download a freely-licensed font from
here. This write-up first appeared on OpenSpeaks, one of our flagship projects.

The Ho language is native to over 1.4 million people who live mostly in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal, and Bangladesh. Though Ho has historically been written in Devanagari, Bengali, Odia, and Latin alphabet, Warang Citi is the most accepted script that was created by Lako Bodra, a community leader from Jharkhand. The language has been identified as a vulnerable language by UNESCO.

Ho written in Warang Citi alphabet:

There is currently an active Wikipedia Incubator project where Ho speakers can create and edit Wikipedia articles. The Ho Wikipedia is yet to go live but with more contributors joining here and contributing encyclopedic content will make this a reality. In general, more content on the Internet is extremely important to share knowledge with the native speakers.
Icon for Wikipedia links to pages in the Ho language (hoc).
Ho Wikipedian Mangu Purty has created a series of videos to help users to contribute to the Ho Wikipedia Incubator project. (download from here)

1. Part 1: Creating an account on Ho Wikipedia Incubator project

2. Part 2: Settings, Display (downloading & enabling font)

3. Part 3: Input (typing in Warang Citi) and Editing Ho Wikipedia

We did a tutorial earlier to help Ho speakers read any web content typed using Warang Citi in Unicode (a universal writing system encoding).

Resources:

Bibliography:

  1. Everson, Michael. “Final proposal for encoding the Warang Citi script in the SMP of the UCS“. (2017) n4259-warang-citi_n3668-warang-citi – n4259.pdf. Retrieved September 10, 2017, from http://std.dkuug.dk/jtc1/sc2/wg2/docs/n4259.pdf
  2. Warang Citi. Range: 118A0–118FF. (2017) The Standard, Version 10.0 – U118A0.pdf. Retrieved September 30, 2017, from https://unicode.org/charts/PDF/U118A0.pdf

Gratitude:

We want to share our gratitude with Ho-language scholar and technologist Mangu Purty for the video tutorials and some of the other resources links, and students collective “Birbasa” (Veer Birsa Munda Ho Students Union Odisha) for the video tutorial that we created.

𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑢮𑣋𑣁𑣜 𑢼𑣂𑣞𑣉𑣉𑣜𑣞 𑣌𑣉

𑢶𑣊𑣋𑣃 𑢸𑣃𑣜𑣕𑣂

𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑣎𑣋𑣁𑣜 𑣔𑣉 𑢮𑣁𑣜𑣌𑣀𑣑, 𑢩𑣑𑣂𑣞𑣁, 𑢹𑣞𑣃𑣜 𑣞𑣄 𑢷𑣊𑣋𑣁𑣚 𑣜𑣈 𑣕𑣆𑣓 10 𑣈𑣈𑣀𑣋𑣈𑣚 𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑣎𑣕𑣂 𑣌𑣉 𑣁𑣄 𑣚𑣈𑣄𑣌𑣎𑣂 𑣕𑣓𑣁. 𑢡𑣅𑣁𑣜 𑣔𑣉 𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑣎𑣋𑣁𑣜 𑢦𑣊𑣚𑣂𑣞, 𑢴𑣈𑣉𑣓𑣁𑣋𑣜𑣂, 𑢩𑣑𑣂𑣅𑣁, 𑢷𑣁𑣊𑣚𑣁 𑣈𑣖𑣁𑣓 𑣌𑣉 𑣕𑣈 𑣉𑣚𑣉𑣄 𑣕𑣆𑣌𑣈𑣓𑣁, 𑣓𑣁𑣄 𑣔𑣉 𑢹𑣗𑣁𑣜𑣊 𑢯𑣂𑣕𑣂 𑣕𑣈 𑣋𑣈 𑣉𑣚𑣉𑣄 𑣕𑣓𑣁. 𑢹𑣗𑣁𑣜𑣊 𑢯𑣂𑣕𑣂 𑣔𑣉 𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑣙𑣃𑣔𑣁 𑣜𑣈𑣓 𑣖𑣂𑣈𑣑 𑣞𑣈𑣀𑣅𑣁𑣓 𑣙𑣉𑣉 𑢺𑣌𑣉 𑢷𑣉𑣔𑣜𑣈 𑣗𑣆 𑣚𑣈𑣑𑣁. 𑢥𑣃𑣓𑣈𑣞𑣌𑣉 𑣔𑣉 𑣓𑣈𑣓 𑣎𑣋𑣁𑣜 𑣉𑣀𑣑𑣉𑣄 𑣏𑣂𑣖𑣂𑣓𑣈𑣊 𑣞𑣂𑣜𑣖𑣈 𑣜𑣈 𑣔𑣉 𑣁𑣑𑣉𑣄𑣁 𑣖𑣈𑣓𑣕𑣈𑣄 𑣖𑣓𑣁𑣕𑣂𑣊 𑣕𑣑𑣁.

𑢳𑣁𑣄 𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑣎𑣋𑣁𑣜 𑢹𑣗𑣁𑣜𑣊 𑢯𑣂𑣕𑣂 𑣕𑣈 𑢿𑣂𑣌𑣂𑣘𑣂𑣂𑣑𑣂𑣅𑣁 𑣗𑣆𑣅𑣉𑣄 𑣕𑣓𑣁, 𑣓𑣁𑣓𑣁 𑣖𑣈𑣓𑣔𑣉 𑣁𑣇𑣜𑣂 𑣗𑣆 𑣞𑣈𑣌𑣁𑣄𑣉𑣁, 𑣘𑣆𑣒𑣂 𑣞𑣈𑣞𑣈𑣓 𑣕𑣓𑣁. 𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑣕𑣈 𑢿𑣂𑣌𑣂𑣘𑣂𑣂𑣑𑣂𑣅𑣁 𑣗𑣆 𑣘𑣆𑣒𑣂 𑣜𑣈 𑣔𑣈𑣊𑣋𑣁 𑣈𑣖 𑣞𑣓𑣁𑣊 𑣕𑣓 𑣌𑣉 𑣓𑣈𑣓 𑣜𑣈 𑣗𑣃 𑣉𑣕𑣁𑣅𑣁. 𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑣎𑣋𑣁𑣜 𑢹𑣗𑣁𑣜𑣊 𑢯𑣂𑣕𑣂 𑣓𑣂𑣕𑣂𑣜𑣈 𑣚𑣋𑣂𑣑 𑣕𑣂𑣞𑣂𑣊𑣄 𑣔𑣂𑣓 𑣜𑣈 𑣔𑣉𑣜𑣌𑣜𑣁 𑣏𑣂 𑣉𑣓𑣚𑣁𑣆𑣓 𑣘𑣚𑣈𑣈𑣒𑣘𑣉𑣉𑣜𑣖 𑣜𑣈 𑣚𑣁𑣄 𑣕𑣈 𑣚𑣁𑣄 𑣗𑣃 𑣓𑣂𑣕𑣂𑣜𑣈𑣅𑣁.

𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑢿𑣂𑣌𑣂𑣘𑣂𑣂𑣑𑣂𑣅𑣁 𑣗𑣆 𑣜𑣈 𑣔𑣈𑣊𑣋𑣁 𑣈𑣖 𑣕𑣓𑣂𑣄 𑢶𑣊𑣋𑣃 𑢸𑣃𑣜𑣕𑣂 𑢿𑣂𑣌𑣂𑣘𑣂𑣂𑣑𑣂𑣅𑣁 𑣜𑣈 𑣏𑣂𑣚𑣂𑣌𑣈 𑣕𑣈 𑣔𑣈𑣊𑣋𑣁 𑣈𑣖 𑣔𑣆𑣅𑣉𑣄 𑣖𑣈𑣓𑣈 𑣕𑣈𑣅𑣄 𑣌𑣎𑣂 𑣖𑣜𑣞𑣁𑣚 𑣚𑣋𑣂𑣑 𑣟𑣂𑣑𑣂𑣅𑣉 𑣌𑣉 𑣌𑣂𑣓 𑣗𑣆 𑣕𑣑𑣁. (𑣈𑣓𑣁 𑣌𑣉 𑣓𑣈𑣓 𑣜𑣈 𑣑𑣇𑣓𑣚𑣉𑣉𑣑 𑣔𑣆𑣅𑣉𑣄𑣁)

1. 𑢹𑣂𑣕𑣑 1: 𑢿𑣂𑣌𑣂𑣖𑣂𑣂𑣑𑣂𑣅𑣁 𑢦𑣓𑣌𑣅𑣃𑣗𑣈𑣈𑣒𑣜 𑣜𑣈 𑣁𑣌𑣁𑣇𑣀𑣒 𑣗𑣆.

2. 𑢹𑣂𑣕𑣑 2: 𑢾𑣈𑣒𑣂𑣊 𑣌𑣉 𑣉𑣀𑣑𑣉𑣄 𑢱𑣂𑣞𑣘𑣚𑣈𑣈 (𑣘𑣉𑣉𑣀𑣒 𑣑𑣁𑣇𑣓𑣚𑣉𑣉𑣑)

3. 𑢹𑣂𑣕𑣑 3: 𑢦𑣓𑣘𑣃𑣒 (𑢹𑣗𑣁𑣜𑣊 𑢯𑣂𑣕𑣂 𑣕𑣈 𑣉𑣚) 𑣉𑣀𑣑𑣉𑣄 𑢨𑣑𑣂𑣒𑣂𑣊

𑢡𑣚𑣈𑣈 𑣉𑣉 𑣖𑣂𑣈𑣑 𑣟𑣂𑣑𑣂𑣅𑣉 𑣚𑣈 𑣗𑣆 𑣚𑣈𑣑 𑣕𑣆𑣌𑣈𑣓𑣁 𑣆𑣀𑣒𑣜𑣓𑣈𑣒 𑣜𑣈 𑢥𑣃𑣓𑣂𑣌𑣉𑣉𑣑 𑣕𑣈 𑣉𑣚𑣁𑣌𑣁𑣓𑣄 𑣌𑣉 𑣏𑣂𑣚𑣂𑣌𑣈 𑣘𑣉𑣉𑣀𑣒 𑣆𑣀𑣞𑣒𑣉𑣉𑣚 𑣌𑣈𑣈 𑣕𑣈 𑣓𑣈𑣚𑣈 𑣕𑣈𑣅𑣄 𑣖𑣈𑣓𑣕𑣈.

𑢼𑣂𑣞𑣉𑣉𑣜𑣞 𑣌𑣉:

𑢷𑣂𑣗𑣚𑣂𑣅𑣉𑣋𑣜𑣁𑣘𑣂:

  1. 𑢶𑣆𑣌𑣈𑣚 𑢨𑣟𑣈𑣜𑣞𑣓. “Final proposal for encoding the Warang Citi script in the SMP of the UCS“. (2017) n4259-warang-citi_n3668-warang-citi – n4259.pdf. Retrieved September 10, 2017, from http://std.dkuug.dk/jtc1/sc2/wg2/docs/n4259.pdf
  2. Warang Citi. Range: 118A0–118FF. (2017) The Standard, Version 10.0 – U118A0.pdf. Retrieved September 30, 2017, from https://unicode.org/charts/PDF/U118A0.pdf

𑢷𑣂𑣕𑣂𑣅𑣈𑣖:

𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑣕𑣈 𑢿𑣂𑣌𑣂𑣘𑣂𑣂𑣑𑣂𑣅𑣁 𑣗𑣆 𑣚𑣋𑣂𑣑 𑣟𑣂𑣑𑣂𑣅𑣉 𑣋𑣁𑣆𑣑 𑣗𑣆 𑣌𑣈𑣓 𑣚𑣋𑣂𑣑 𑣉𑣀𑣑𑣉𑣄 𑣈𑣒𑣄 𑣜𑣂𑣞𑣉𑣉𑣜𑣞 𑣌𑣉 𑣜𑣈𑣅𑣄 𑣚𑣂𑣊𑣌 𑣈𑣖 𑣌𑣈𑣓 𑣚𑣋𑣂𑣑 𑢶𑣊𑣋𑣃 𑢸𑣃𑣜𑣕𑣂 𑣕𑣂𑣌𑣂𑣓 𑣈𑣞𑣃 𑣘𑣃𑣜𑣈𑣄 𑣗𑣂𑣕𑣂𑣅𑣈𑣖. 𑢡𑣚𑣈 𑣗𑣆 𑣚𑣈𑣑 𑣟𑣂𑣑𑣂𑣅𑣉 𑣜𑣈 𑣔𑣈𑣊𑣋𑣁 𑣌𑣈𑣓 𑣚𑣋𑣂𑣑 “𑢷𑣂𑣜𑣗𑣞𑣁” (𑢷𑣂𑣅𑣜 𑢷𑣂𑣜𑣞𑣁 𑢶𑣃𑣀𑣑𑣁 𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑢾𑣒𑣃𑣃𑣑𑣈𑣀𑣒𑣞 𑢥𑣃𑣓𑣂𑣅𑣓 𑢩𑣑𑣂𑣞𑣁) 𑣜𑣈𑣓 𑣌𑣉 𑣈𑣞𑣃 𑣘𑣃𑣜𑣈𑣄 𑣗𑣂𑣕𑣂𑣅𑣈𑣖.


About the author(s)

Mangu Purty

Mangu Purty is a Ho-language Wikipedian and open source developer. He is behind one of the openly-licensed Warang Citi (writing system for Ho) and Ho input tools.

Subhashish Panigrahi is one of the founding members of O Foundation and founder OpenSpeaks which won him the MJ Bear Fellowship and a grant from National Geographic to digitally-document threatened languages.

A documentary filmmaker, Open Culture Advocate, and community catalyst over a decade of experience leading community building, outreach and partnership across Asia Pacific at Internet Society, Mozilla, Centre for Internet and Society, and Wikimedia Foundation.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *